All about the French phrase "Ça va"

Ready to find out all the things you want to know about the basic French sentence “Ça va”?

Including a full definition of what it is and how you can use it in a conversation with an audio example. Together with the cool things we sprinkled like slow pronunciation audio, dialogue example, synonyms and more!

If you are interested, you can find more of these sentences pages on this page plus the ultimate directory of all our French words tutorials on this page. Enjoy!

Table of Contents

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French to English translation

How to pronounce it

Slow pronunciation

Normal pronunciation

What does ça va mean?


It literally means:

  • Ça → That / It
  • Va → Goes

One of the most important French expressions you should know! It could be a question and an answer, to be more precise: “Ça va ?” → “How are you?” and “Ça va” → “I’m fine“.

Also, this is an informal expression (especially when used as a question), so you should not use it with people you have to show respect. (Elderly people, teachers, etc.)

As you will see in the very complete “Synonyms” section below, many variations exist for both questions and answers. But also regarding formal or informal context.

If you only want to learn the most important ones, it would be: “Ça va ?” (Informal) and “Comment allez-vous ?” (Formal and/or plural) for questions.

And for answers: “Ça va” (I’m fine)(Neutral) and “Ça va, merci” (I’m fine, thanks)(Neutral) and “Ça va, et toi ?” (I’m fine, and you?)(Informal) and finally “Ça va, et vous ?” (I’m fine, and you?)(Formal and/or plural).

How to use

Don’t forget to check the audio dialogue at the end of this article if you want an authentic example of how French people use it!

A typical use as a question would be: “Salut Alexandre ! Ça va ?” (Hey Alexandre! How are you?). And Alexandre would say “Salut ! Ça va et toi ?” (Hey ! I’m fine and you?)

Also, you could use it not only when talking about how you feel personally, but to show agreement about a proposal / question.

For example, someone asks you: “On part dans 2 heures, tu seras prêt ?” (We are leaving in two hours, will you be ready?) you can answer: “Oui, ça va” (Yes, it will be fine). It’s useful because it allows you to avoid a full sentence like “Oui, je serai prêt dans 2 heures” (Yes, I will be ready in two hours)

Finally, you can also use it to say: “Oh ! Ça va !” which means “Hey! That’s enough!” if you are angry about something. Don’t worry, the voice tone and the context will make it clear for people that you are not saying “Hey! I’m fine!“.

Fun fact

People are often confused by “Ça te va bien” which looks very similar but actually means: “That suits you / That looks good on you“. So don’t be surprised!

Same problem with “Ça va venir” which is super similar but means “It will come / It will happen“.

Synonyms and similarities

As a question:

  • Bien ? (“Fine?“)(Slang)
  • Ça va bien ? (“Are you fine?“)(Informal)
  • Comment ça va ? (“How are you?“)
  • Comment vas-tu ? (“How are you?“)
  • Tu vas bien ? (“Are you doing well?“)
  • Comment allez-vous? (“How are you?“)(Formal and plural)
  • Vous allez bien ? (“Are you doing well?“)(Formal and plural)

As an answer:

  • Ça va merci. (“I’m fine, thank you“)
  • Ça va et toi ? (“I’m fine, and you?“)
  • Ça va et vous ? (“I’m fine, and you?“)(Formal and plural)
  • Ça va (très) bien. (“I’m (very) good“)
  • Ça va (très) bien, merci. (“I’m (very) good, thank you?“)
  • Ça va (très) bien, et toi ? (“I’m (very) good, and you?“)
  • Ça va (très) bien, et vous ? (“I’m (very) good, and you?“)(Formal and plural)
  • Tout va (très) bien. (“It’s all (very) good“)
  • (Très) bien. (“(Very) good“)
  • Tranquille. (“Easy / Chill“)(Slang)
  • Super. (“Super“)(Slang)
  • Nickel. (“Great“)(Slang)

More possible answers:

  • Pas mal. (“Not bad“)
  • Bof. (“Meh“)(Slang)
  • Moyen. (“So-so“)
  • Comme ci, comme ça. (“So-so“)
  • Pas top. (“Not great“)(Slang)
  • Pas (très) bien. (“Not (very) well“)
  • Je ne vais pas (très) bien. (“I’m not feeling (very) good“)
  • (Très) Mal. (“(Very) bad“)
  • Ça (ne) va pas. (“It’s not going well“)

Dialogue example

Audio dialogue from French people

Dialogue audio

Dialogue transcription

Bonjour, comment ça va ? “
” Hello, how are you? “
” Ça va bien et toi ? “
” I’m fine and you? “
” Je vais bien merci “
” I’m good, thank you “
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