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The French word "Merde" revealed

Get ready to discover all the things you have to know about the funny French word "Merde". It includes a detailed guide of what it is and how you can use it in everyday life with an audio example.In addition, we also added some useful stuff like dialogue example, slow pronunciation audio and more!

English translation

  • Translation : Sh*t

  • Register : Informal - Funny - Swear

Pronunciation example



  • IPA : / mɛʁd /

aesthetic french quote merde

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Merde meaning


"Merde" is the common way to say "Shit" in French. It's a very popular swear word used in daily life.

How to use it

"Merde / Putain / Bordel / Fait chier" are used exactly like "Crap / Fuck / Shit / etc." in English. But we like to make a sentence out of them according to the level of angriness and vulgarity we want.

So the more of "Merde / Putain / Bordel / Fait chier" we use in one sentence and the more pissed we are. And we also often add "Oh" before to make it more dramatic, let's see how it works...

Vulgar (Just one swear word):

Super vulgar (x2 combo):

Super mega vulgar (x3 combo):

Infinite vulgarity (x4 combo):

Finally, if you really want to express your frustration in formal contexts without using bad swear words, you can use instead: 

N.B: It's not "formal" per se but "neutral" and so it won't be shocking

N.B.2: some translations above are a bit approximative since there is no direct English equivalent, but it reflects the spirit of each possibility as close as possible from the French version.

Fun fact

French pro trick: sometimes you start to say naturally "Merde" (Shit) but before finishing de first syllable you realize you are in a formal context and that it wouldn't be appropriate. 

So, if you just said "Mmm" you can switch to "Mince" which is not vulgar and has the same meaning → Mmmm...ince.

But if you already said "Merrrr", instead of finishing the word "Merde" you say "Mercredi" (Wednesday) instead → Mer...credi. In this case people will know you almost said "Merde" but it's still better than actually saying it.)

Example in a dialogue with French audio


Désolé, je suis en retard

Sorry, I'm late

C'est trop tard, le train est parti

Too late, the train left

Oh merde !

Oh shit!

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